The Caveman Diet (AKA Paleo/Primal Diet) is based in evolutionary science.
The human genome evolved over five million years in an environment of food scarcity. Throughout more than 99% of its evolution, our species consumed less than 100 grams of carbohydrates per day on average. As important, those few carbohydrates came from nutrient-dense sources. In this evolutionary environment, our species became efficient at storing fuel in the form of fat for later use as energy.
In contrast (since the Agricultural Revolution) we now live in an environment of food plenty. The abundance of carbohydrates (fast-burning fuel) results in excess body fat (slow-burning fuel) remaining in the body. Moreover, the grains and sugars that provide most of the average American’s caloric intake provide little to no health benefit, and the lack of nutrition results in the desire to eat more food. The resulting over-consumption of grains and sugars creates increased insulin levels in the bloodstream which is directly related to maladies common to our society, such as reduced lifespan, heart disease, diabetes, cancer, and generally poor daily performance across several measures such as sleep, energy levels, etc…
These problems exist in all modern societies, but the Standard American Diet (S.A.D.) is the worst offender. Americans average over 300 grams of carbohydrates per day, mostly in the form of grains and sugars that are relatively nutrition-free compared to vegetables and well-raised protein sources.
In order to avoid the common medical problems associated with the S.A.D., one must limit the amount of carbohydrates in their diet to 150 grams per day. Carbohydrates from grains and sugars must be replaced with nutrient-rich proteins and vegetables. Healthy fats (Omega-3) replace carbohydrates as the primary fuel source, resulting in even energy throughout the day and a feeling of satisfaction after a meal.
In order to avoid common medical problems and lose weight until ideal body composition is achieved, one must reduce carbohydrate intake to 50-100 grams per day. This is easily achieved with a diet of only meat and vegetables.
It is also important to avoid a sedentary lifestyle. However, 80% of body composition is dictated by one’s diet. Eating well, and remaining generally active, is enough for most people to achieve their fitness and health goals.
Caveman Cafeteria: Where The Hunters Gather provides a number of healthy options for the modern Hunter-Gatherer. Contact us by phone or email for details and a list of services